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Is Afghanistan closer to peace now

Is Afghanistan Closer to Peace Now?

In recent days, two important events have taken place in connection with the peace process in Afghanistan, which is considered as a new beginning for the peace process. Firstly, the Republican team in the Doha and the Taliban agreed on the basic principles of peace talks, which will pave the way for the two sides to enter a new phase of the negotiation process. Secondly, the first meeting of the High Council of National Reconciliation (HCNR) of Afghanistan was held after a long delay and internal disputes.
Earlier, the two leaders (President Ashraf Ghani and Chairman of HCNR, Dr Abdullah Abdullah) disagreed on the list of committee members, but the list was finalized within days of intimidation by the foreign countries. Given the coincidence of two important events, are we closer to peace in the country? Are these two events destined to lead Afghanistan towards an era of change and betterment and a promising future to the suffering people of Afghanistan?
In answer to these questions, there are different views and analyses in the Afghan political community, but in general they can be classified into three categories: optimism, pessimism and moderation. Optimistic thinkers believe that these two events are good steps towards the peace process. They say the leadership committee of HCNR, made up of prominent political leaders, national figures and government officials, and their agreement and consensus can break any deadlock in the country. They also hope that passing the first stage of the talks will be a step towards peace in the country. In addition, regional and international demand or a relative consensus on the peace process has created a unique opportunity for peace in the country.
Contrary to the above category, pessimistic analysts think that Afghanistan’s problems have much deeper roots inside and outside the country to be solved so easily. For example, in a detailed interview with Tolonews about the HCNR, Rahmatullah Nabil said that traditional leaders who had destroyed the country, in many cases, could no longer be members of the peace council. He stressed that no one should have a monopoly on everything in the country. He added that Afghanistan’s young generation, the main victims of the war, was not included in the HCNR. He also expressed concern that many important decisions are made behind the table and that there is no specific definition of peace and war in the country. There are also criticisms of the removal of several national figures, such as Rahmatullah Nabil, Seyyed Ishaq Gilani, Farkhondeh Zahra Naderi, Hekmatyar, and Prince Shahid, which indicate a lack of national agreement on peace in the country. In general, pessimistic politicians and political analysts think that such meetings are nothing more than a show, and so criticism of the president has increased recently.
As noted, there are also moderate types of politicians whose views blend hopes and concerns. Although they worry about national disintegration, lack of definition of peace and war, lack of a national strategy to resolve major issues and lack of deep dialogue with Pakistan, they are never pessimistic of new opportunities in Afghanistan. They think that talking to the Taliban has become easier than before because the Taliban have lost their political supporters after Trump lost the US election. The Taliban have also lost the logic of war or their legitimacy in the country. Before they justified the killing of Afghans and civilians by justifying ‘Jihad’ and defending the country against foreign aggression, but after signing a peace agreement with the United States, they stopped fighting foreigners and intensified the war against the Afghan people and civilians. This has revealed the true face of the Taliban in the country as well as in the Islamic world. As a result, the Taliban’s social base inside the country has been weakened, and thus an unprecedented consensus has emerged among Islamic countries that has declared the Taliban war in Afghanistan illegal. Thus, the Taliban have lost their ideological sword in the ongoing war in Afghanistan.
In general, many people are not sure about peace in the country. They are mostly worried about the comprehensive program of Afghan leaders. They think that peace is not possible unless it supports a strong united position. In fact, Afghanistan’s fundamental problems begin here. We have a very weak position and defense against the enemies of the peace. Our leaders have not been united and have mostly pursued their self-centered interests. Now, it is the time for our leaders to reverse the situation. They have to put the national interests ahead of their personal interests. In fact, most of the time peace will not be achieved without punishing the proponents and the perpetrators of the war. Especially, punishing the Afghan leaders you have made their living and their destiny out of the war booty, and uniting the hands that urge for peace and tranquility.
In other words, our prosperity is rooted in our national power, while our national power is rooted in our national unity. Therefore, waking up to these issues is very important for the new generation of Afghanistan. We should not pose a threat to anyone or let others impose threat on us.
(Sahar News)

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