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Pakistan new approach to peace in Afghanistan

Pak-Afghan Bonding Relations

Historically, instability in Afghanistan is not only restricted to its boundaries but affected the whole region. Countries that are directly affected by volatility in Afghanistan are monitoring the situation with great interest. It is because the US has already decreased the number of troops in the country to 2,500 and no tangible result has been achieved in Intra-Afghan peace talks so far, which is a great concern not only for Afghanistan but also for the neighboring countries.
The conflict in Afghanistan since last couple of decades is because of the trust deficits among different ethnic groups and consensus among the political leadership which always needs help from international community and neighboring countries to mediate.
On the other hand, generally, instable Afghanistan caused trouble for other countries as well. That’s the reason that regional countries, more than other western countries, are more concerned about the current situation in Afghanistan at a time when the US decreased the number of its troops and the result of Intra-Afghan peace talks is unknown.
Pakistan being the flanking side in the Afghan politics helped the US and Taliban agreement in 2019 and, decisively, brought Taliban to the table of negotiation to end the decades long war. Afghan political experts are of the view that Afghanistan will never be able to achieve peace without the help of Pakistan.
On the other hand, the trembling relation between Pakistan and Afghanistan since 2001 because of Indian influence on Afghan government never allowed Afghanistan to get closer to Pakistan.
It is important to mention that there is a great change in Pakistan’s policy which is to discuss the issues of great importance with the Afghan opposition parties and ensure them about the sincere role of Pakistan for helping Afghanistan to achieve permanent peace and tranquility in the war-ravaged country.
In last couple of years, many Afghan prominent political leaders visited Pakistan and appreciated the role of Pakistan to help facilitate the peace talk in Afghanistan.
The recent visits of Afghan officials to Pakistan have been crucial in this critical time when Afghanistan is going through a very fragile situation and people are in need of permanent peace and stability in the country more than ever.
The recent visit of the leader of Hiz-e-Wahdat Islamic Afghanistan, Mohammad Karim Khalili, to Pakistan is of immense significance for cementing the ties between the two neighboring countries.
Former northern alliance leader, Karim Khalili, has been one of the key faces of Afghan politics and has been playing significant role in perplexing politics in Afghanistan.
He is currently member of the Leadership Committee of the Afghan High Council of National Reconciliation (AHCNR) led by Dr. Abdullah Abdullah.
During his three-day visit to Pakistan, former vice-president of Afghanistan met with high level military and civilian officials in Pakistan.
The visit came at a time when delegations of the Afghan government and Taliban are negotiating in Doha, Qatar. Although, both the parties took time to start talks because of the vast difference in their approach toward the issues.
Pakistani prime minister, Imran Khan, in meeting with Ustad Khalili, said: “All stakeholders in Afghanistan should work jointly for a peaceful solution,” adding that, “a peaceful Afghanistan would pave way for an increase in regional contacts.”
According to official reports, Pakistani Chief of Army Staff, Gen. Qamar Javed Bajwa, met Ustad Khalili and discussed the matters of mutual interest, peace and stability in the region, connectivity and current developments in the Afghan Peace Process.
Nonetheless, Pakistan has played critical role in bringing Taliban to the table of negotiation but more work still has to be done. Since the negotiation started last year, insecurity in Afghanistan intensified.
Experts believe that the security situation deteriorated because Taliban want to have upper hand in peace talks but on the contrary, Taliban denied involvement in most of the attacks in Afghanistan since the talks started.
Now the question needed to be answered is who is responsible for the current deteriorating security situation in Afghanistan? The answer will always remain vague as parties involved in Afghan conflict are evolving and the change in attacking tactics indicates involvement of militant organizations like Daesh.
According to Afghan president, Ashraf Ghani, more than 40,000 Afghan security forces were killed since he took oath in 2014. The number is much higher than that and the Afghan populace believe that Afghan government led by Ashraf Ghani is not capable to tackle problems properly.
On the other hand, the Afghan security forces, whose sole responsibility is the security of the country, have huge casualty without tangible result which shows that the security forces are not proficient in defeating terrorism and maintaining peace and stability, though, billions of dollars have been invested.
The government in Afghanistan has never looked beyond their personal interest to address the issues.
Currently, President Ghani, defying the importance of intra-Afghan peace talks. Reports indicate that he has reached to prominent Jihadi and political leaders to resist the inclusion of Taliban in the political system or to defend his position without realizing that peace in Afghanistan without Taliban’s inclusion in the political system in a fantasy. All the stakeholders in Afghanistan, at this critical juncture when parties are negotiating peace, should look at the greater image and beyond their personal interests. Because the only loser in the game will be the people of Afghanistan who are tired of the bloody situation in the country.
As Pakistani army chief said that peace in the neighboring country means peace in Pakistan and a stable and prosperous Afghanistan at peace with itself and its neighbors is in Pakistan’s national interest.
The last but not least, it is important the all the stakeholders in Afghanistan should play their role sincerely and should be part of the solution for durable peace and tranquility in Afghanistan.
(Sahar News)

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