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Turning back to peace after years of war

Turning Back to Peace After Years of War

Peace and freedom – two things the United States promised after the invasion of Afghanistan – are unattainable even after 19 years when the US forces landed in the war-torn country in 2001.
Within weeks of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks in the United States, American fighters arrived in Afghanistan, and by joining the local anti-Taliban coalition, the United States deployed air and ground forces to occupy Kabul and later the other parts of the country.
“Talks with the Taliban are not negotiable,” US President George W. Bush said in a statement when the Taliban called for a negotiated solution to the situation following the 9/11 attacks, and Washington demanded the extradition of Osama bin Laden.
After two months of heavy bombardment and ground attacks across the mountainous country, the German city of Bonn was chosen to host Afghanistan’s first international conference in December of that year. It handed over an interim authority to Afghanistan under the auspices of the Northern Alliance, headed by Hamid Karzai, who was elected Afghanistan’s first president-elect in 2004 and won a second term in 2009.
In 2001, US officials brazenly rejected all efforts by the Taliban and launched a military offensive. Nineteen years later, all parties now agree to negotiate an end to this war through dialogue and understanding, which was supported by the Taliban from the very beginning. If the peaceful proposals of the Taliban had been answered positively at the same time, we would not have witnessed this long war, savagery and persecution, killing, wounding and displacement of our people.
However, on February 29 this year, the United States signed a landmark agreement with the Taliban on the final withdrawal of troops from the country, which has four key points.
1. Guarantees and enforcement mechanisms that prevent any group or individual from using Afghan territory against the security of the United States and its allies.
2. Guarantees, enforcement mechanisms and announcement of a timetable for the withdrawal of all foreign troops from Afghanistan.
3. After announcing the full withdrawal of foreign troops and the timetable in the presence of international witnesses, and announcing in the presence of international witnesses that Afghanistan will not be used against the security of the United States and its allies, the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan which the United States does not recognize and is known as the Taliban start intra-Afghan talks with the Afghanistan Republic representatives.
4- A permanent and comprehensive ceasefire is an issue that will be on the agenda of talks and negotiations inside Afghanistan. Participants in the intra-Afghan talks will discuss the date and manner of establishing a permanent and comprehensive ceasefire, including joint enforcement mechanisms, which will be announced along with the completion and agreement on Afghanistan’s future political roadmap.
The Taliban welcomed this progress and have been working since then to pave the way for the withdrawal of all foreign forces. “The Islamic Emirate is committed to resolving all outstanding issues in an appropriate environment and also advises the opposition to seize this opportunity to understand the situation, and to establish an inclusive, independent Islamic state,” they said. “Let them join hands.”
Intra-Afghan talks offer hope for peace after more than 40 years of war in Afghanistan. But to sustain this agreement, the future government of Afghanistan must provide security, tolerate opposition, respect women’s rights, and prosecute serious violations of human rights.
(Sahar News)

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