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Ethnicization of politics in Afghanistan

Ethnicization of Politics in Afghanistan

A brief look at the political history of Afghanistan will depict that this land has been involved in civil wars, every now and then, mostly because of ethnocentrism, since the formation of the Abdali dynasty in Greater Khorasan and then by Mohammadzai princes. Though by the end of 19th century, Afghanistan was able to consolidate a modern state, it was never able to undo the ethnic strife found among different ethnic groups; rather, it invigorated it further.
Unfortunately, these political and ethnic differences have intensified the ethnocentric attitude that has been so prominent in Afghanistan’s recent history. During the tenures of Ashraf Ghani, among the leaders of the National Unity Government (NUG), ethnic strife played a dominant role. In fact, ethnicization of politics was more prevalent during NUG, and today it has reached to a point where the leaders who support a republic system in the country are not willing to join hands against Taliban and the proponents of Shariah-based rule in Afghanistan.
One of the main factors that has led to the differences among Afghanistan’s ethnic groups in the last eighteen years is the unhealthy leadership of those who have been in charge of the affairs of the state. They have always prioritized their own interests. They have valued their own financial interests more than anything else. Therefore, they have been made a circle of trustees around themselves, mostly belonging to their own ethnic group, so that they are able to cling to power. As far as the interests of the people and the country as a whole are concerned they have been neglected altogether.
Those in power in Afghanistan are either traitors, discriminatory, or strictly religious. Leaders in Afghanistan have mostly disappointed the masses. They have been sponsored by the external powers, therefore, they have been loyal to them. If there is a healthy leadership, neither the people will be discriminated against, nor will the child remain ignorant, nor will the hands of outsiders be involved in the destruction of the country.
At the time when the prospects of peace talks are pessimistic, and the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan is in the process of completion, the distrust of politicians and the people in the government has led to a lack of political consensus in the peace process. Without political consensus, any peace meeting will come to a standstill, and separate peace efforts will neither lead Afghanistan to peace, nor will it provide a way out of crisis.
It is very important that in the current situation, the Afghan government enters into negotiations with a political consensus, otherwise the possibility of a fruitful negotiation will diminish for them and the Taliban will seize this opportunity. However, as things stand, it seems unlikely because the government during the years in power has not been able to create a political consensus.
On the other hand, there is no news about the group meetings of politicians in Arg that were scheduled to be held these days, and the president met separately with the political leaders. But it is not clear whether the president’s separate meetings with politicians in the last days are to stay in power or the views of his political opponents are the same with him in the peace process. If there is no political consensus in the peace process, Afghanistan is likely to engage in civil and proxy wars after the complete withdrawal of US and NATO forces.
Finally, it must not go without emphasis that the biggest problem that Afghans are falling apart for is unhealthy leadership. Leadership in Afghanistan is in the hands of those who do not feel for their people and their homeland, rather they are busy in ethnicization of politics for their own interests. If we want Afghanistan to prosper, then such politicians must not be allowed to play with the destiny of the nation.
(Sahar News)

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