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Pakistan’s Crucial Role in Afghan Peace Process

The role of international and regional countries in the success and failure of the Afghan peace process cannot be denied. Pakistan, meanwhile, as Afghanistan’s largest neighbor, has been instrumental in Afghanistan since its inception in 1947 and is still a key player in the Afghan peace process.
The recent US decision to end the war and end the Afghan crisis peacefully has created a wave of hope and concern among the people. Hopes amid a world of disbelief as to how the forty years of war and bloodshed in this country will end.
Peace in Afghanistan is a great dream that, in addition to the people of Afghanistan, the people of many neighboring countries are waiting for because they believe that establishing peace in Afghanistan also contributes to security and stability in their countries.
The war in Afghanistan has long robbed the people of the region of good opportunities. The war in Afghanistan has also caused a lot of unrest in the region, and many countries in the region are concerned about the spread of this war outside of Afghanistan, and many countries in the region and the world now believe that peace and stability in Afghanistan are in their interest.
Pakistan is Afghanistan’s neighbor with the longest border and has deep linguistic, ethnic, religious and cultural commonalities, and both countries suffer from terrorism, and many people in these two countries have been a victim of terrorism. A peaceful and stable Afghanistan is in Pakistan’s vital interest, so sincere cooperation between the two countries is essential.
The desire of the Afghan people is that the relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan reach such a level that the two countries live in complete peace and tranquility. This can be done when Afghanistan and Pakistan can get rid of extremism and terrorism.
Last week, Mohammad Sadiq, Pakistan’s special envoy to Afghanistan, visited Kabul along with a number of other Pakistani political and military officials. Mansoor Ahmad Khan, the Pakistani ambassador to Kabul, called the delegation excellent and said the purpose of the visit was to discuss technical issues and improve bilateral relations, which he hoped would be fruitful.
Meanwhile, Afghan Foreign Minister Mohammad Hanif Atmar praised Pakistan’s active role in facilitating peace talks and called the meeting a good platform for expanding relations and cooperation with Pakistan.
Pakistani Foreign Minister Makhdoom Shah Mahmood Qureshi, commenting on intra-Afghan talks and Pakistan’s efforts to restore them, said that although the Taliban had not indicated their willingness to attend the Istanbul Peace Summit, he believed the delay was temporary.
Many American and Afghan analysts agree that reconciliation in Afghanistan will not take place without a serious support of Pakistan and other countries in the region.
University professor and American journalist Steve Coll, who has twice won the prestigious Pulitzer Prize for his report on the war in Afghanistan, believes that Pakistan’s role in ensuring lasting peace in Afghanistan is vital.
Afghanistan can achieve peace when all its major allies and neighbors are involved in the peace process, and Pakistan can be the key to such an arrangement.
It is, therefore, necessary that Afghanistan must have good relations with Pakistan. Pakistan can cooperate extensively in peace in Afghanistan. The United States cannot play a decisive role in Afghanistan without Pakistan and other major powers in the region. As an Islamic country and a close neighbor of Afghanistan, Pakistan can play a positive, constructive and effective role in the Afghan peace process.
The importance of relations with Pakistan for a country like Afghanistan is not hidden from anyone, but what is important is that these relations take place within the framework of a strong strategy with the national interests of both countries and peaceful coexistence. Currently, Afghanistan can benefit from the existing capacities in Pakistan in various fields.
Pakistan is an agricultural and productive country and unlike Afghanistan, which due to the lack of modern agricultural infrastructure, is unable to meet many of its needs in this area. So, the best option for Afghanistan to meet such needs is Pakistan. Due to a long border, easy transportation routes, and reasonable material prices, Afghanistan’s access to the Pakistani markets is far more affordable than any other option. Pakistan is also Afghanistan’s shortest transit route to international open waters, which can help the economy and transit goods of Afghanistan. As a result, we can say that Pakistan, with its cultural, linguistic, ethnic and religious commonalities with Afghanistan, is one of the most influential countries in the region for peace in Afghanistan.
(Sahar News)

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